Tonight's Sky
Sun
Sun
Moon
Moon
Mercury
Mercury
Venus
Venus
Mars
Mars
Jupiter
Jupiter
Saturn
Saturn

Tonight's Sky — Change location

OR

Searching...

Tonight's Sky — Select location

Tonight's Sky — Enter coordinates

° '
° '

Hubble captures NGC 2841

The driving force behind star formation is particularly unclear for a type of galaxy called a flocculent spiral, which features short spiral arms rather than prominent and well-defined galactic limbs.
The galaxy NGC 2841 currently has a relatively low star formation rate compared to other spirals. It is one of several nearby galaxies that have been specifically chosen for a new study in which a pick 'n' mix of different stellar nursery environments and birth rates are being observed.

Star formation is one of the most important processes in shaping the universe. It plays a pivotal role in the evolution of galaxies, and it is also in the earliest stages of star formation that planetary systems first appear.

Yet there is much that astronomers don't understand, such as how the properties of stellar nurseries vary according to the composition and density of the gas present, and what triggers star formation in the first place. The driving force behind star formation is particularly unclear for a type of galaxy called a flocculent spiral, such as NGC 2841 shown here, which features short spiral arms rather than prominent and well-defined galactic limbs.

In an attempt to answer some of these questions, an international team of astronomers is using the new Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3) installed on the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope to study a sample of nearby, but wildly differing, locations where stars are forming. The observational targets include both star clusters and galaxies, and star formation rates range from the baby-booming starburst galaxy M82 to the more sedate star producer NGC 2841.

WFC3 was installed on Hubble in May 2009 during Servicing Mission 4, and replaced the Wide Field and Planetary Camera 2. It is particularly well-suited to this new study, as the camera is optimized to observe the ultraviolet radiation emitted by newborn stars — shown by the bright blue clumps in this image — and infrared wavelengths so that it can peer behind the veil of dust that would otherwise hide them from view.

While the image shows lots of hot young stars in the disk of NGC 2841, there are just a few sites of current star formation where hydrogen gas is collapsing into new stars. It is likely that these fiery youngsters destroyed the star-forming regions in which they were formed.


0

JOIN THE DISCUSSION

Read and share your comments on this article
Comment on this article
Want to leave a comment?
Only registered members of Astronomy.com are allowed to comment on this article. Registration is FREE and only takes a couple minutes.

Login or Register now.
0 comments
ADVERTISEMENT

FREE EMAIL NEWSLETTER

Receive news, sky-event information, observing tips, and more from Astronomy's weekly email newsletter.

ADVERTISEMENT
ADVERTISEMENT
BoxProductcovernov

Click here to receive a FREE e-Guide exclusively from Astronomy magazine.

Find us on Facebook

Loading...